Women’s Civil and Political Rights Promotion

Jagaran Nepal has been carrying out different activities for ensuring women's civil and political rights. The program has been sensitizing women's civil and political rights from grassroots level to central as well as policy and decision levels. Jagaran Nepal has the philosophy that every citizen should be aware for their rights and to make people (especially women) aware it has done and been doing a lot of programs relying on the promotion of civil and political rights of women.


Activities Carried Out in the Program:

A. Women's Participation and Inclusion in Politics:  On women's participation and inclusion in politics, Jagaran Nepal   has been working on "Policy Advocacy and Capacity Building for Women's Inclusion in Politics Project" since October 2010 for 15 months with the assistance of Rights, Democracy and Inclusion Fund (RDIF). This is a continuation of the first phase project "Capacity Building Program for Women Involved in Politics", which Jagaran Nepal carried out from 2006 to 2008. This second phase project has been implementing in 11 districts namely Morang, Sunsari, Khotang, Kaski, Tanahun, Surkhet, Dailekh, Doti, Dedeldhura , Kavre and Sindhupalchowk. Similarly, it has coverage of 55 VDCs (5 VDCs each from 11 districts).  The goal of the project is to contribute towards creating opportunities for women in political parties through policy advocacy and capacity building. The major purpose of the project is to increase participation of marginalized and excluded women in politics at all levels and in key posts/portfolios of policy and decision making levels from centre to community. Since the project has major two approaches – capacity building and policy advocacy, it has capacity building related trainings for women political leaders in the districts and has interactions and orientations for the potential leaders in the selected 55 VDCs. Similarly, the policy advocacy related activities are set at central and regional levels.

In line with the project activity, following activities were accomplished:

  1. Community level awareness raising interaction on women issues and women's participation in politics in 11 VDCs of 11 districts
  2. Three day advance level orientation to the women political leaders of 5 districts namely Khotang, Kavre, Sindhupalchowk, Kaski and Tanahun  (who are trained previously from the first phase project of Jagaran Nepal  project)
  3. 5 day TOT for 11 district partner organizations and project staffs on the topic:  “Women's inclusion in politics, women rights, human rights, advocacy, leadership, inclusion, gender, governance, UN Resolution 1325, 1820, 1888, 1889 and emerging issues as federalism, constitution building process and women.”
  4. Strengthening women resource centre for policy advocacy in the central office of Jagaran Nepal
  5. Interaction among project advisory unit in the centre

B. A Women’s Network (NFOWRC) for Ensuring Women Rights: To find out the issues of grassroots level women and advocate their issues at central level, a network of women rights activists has been formed. The name of the network is National Forum for Women Rights Concern (N- FOWRC). Jagaran Nepal is a resource organization for the network as it supports to raise the women issues at local as well as central level. A Coordination Committee in the participation of women political leaders has been formed in centre to coordinate the N-FOWRC.


Through the joint effort of Jagaran Nepal and NFOWRC following activities were accomplished:

  1. Women related issues to be incorporated in new constitution collected from 75 districts and submitted to the thematic committees of Constituent Assembly (CA).
  2. Research on the submitted concept papers of CA representing political parties regarding women issues in their concept papers. Similarly, a research on the conceptual understanding and views towards constitution making process  of community  level women leaders and mapping of organizations working for the advocacy of women friendly constitution.
  3. Discussion on women’s prominent issues that to be incorporated in different  thematic papers of CA in the presence of thematic committees’ chairpersons of CA.
  4. Sensitization and awareness programs for ensuring women friendly constitution at central, districts and local levels.
  5. Advocacy against current discriminatory provisions proposed by high level taskforce of the political parties on citizenship.

C. Sensitization Program: Jagaran Nepal has been working on different sensitization programs relating to women rights, human rights, gender, violence against women etc. In connection with it, Jagaran Nepal organized different programs for the activism of 16-day activism (November 25-December 10, 2010) on Violence against Women (VAW) in Jagaran Nepal coverage districts. The activism programs' consisted message oriented court drama, radio program, VAW thematic interactions, interaction with youth male on the concept as MenEngage to control the forms of violence against women  etc. Similarly, for central level women leaders and women CA members, one-day interactions were organized on different topics. The topics were selected through the consultation of women leaders and it would be deliberately related with the national and international contemporary scenarios. Climate change and its impacts, constitution making process and learning of different nations, Food security, Women's participation in politics and its learning, Violence against women and political discrimination etc. were some of the topics interacted during the period.

D. Advocacy for Women’s Participation:  Jagaran Nepal advocated for ensuring at least 33 per cent inclusive representation of women at all state mechanisms including the key portfolios in the ministry. Similarly, it advocated for ensuring at least 33 per cent women’s representation in the National Planning Commission. Similarly, Jagaran Nepal demanded at least 33 % Women Ministers' Representation in Jhalanath Khanal Led Government by urging major political parties of Nepal to come on consensus immediately and form the consensus based government for making pro-people constitution in Nepal)


Highlights of Achievements:

  • More than 1300 potential women leaders (Women rights activists) will be identified in 55 VDCs of 11 districts and more than 120 have been identified so far in 6 VDCs.
  1. 25 inclusive women political leaders are retrained/ refreshed to be an effective trainer in their areas. They will transfer their skills at community and district levels.
  2. Developed 25 trainers to act as a trainer and social activists for women’s inclusion in politics.
  3. Updated and equipped women resource centre for policy advocacy get started.
  4. Inclusive representative strong advisory team for regular feedbacks and inputs on the campaign of women’s inclusion in politics possible.
  5. The collected women related issues were internalized among the thematic committees of CA and most of them were found (included) in the concept papers of thematic committees. 
  6. Community level concerns and issues on constitution acquired and solidarity built up for the advocacy on the common cause for making women friendly constitution.
  7. General Citizens along with concerned stakeholders from grassroots to central level were sensitized for making women friendly constitution in Nepal.
  8. Civil society, political leaders, youth leaders, CA members were sensitized on the current discriminatory provisions of citizenship passed by high level taskforce of political parties and they will further advocate and lobby the issue for making non-discriminatory provisions on citizenship. 
  9. Strong grassroots level women network and its member groups formed for regular advocacy and lobbying on women issues from grassroots to central levels.
  10. Through the sensitization program, a total of around 1000 were sensitized on the issue of VAW, food security, climate change, CA updates and constitution making process, importance of women in politics etc.
  11. The political party, government and concerned stakeholders were sensitized on the passed provision of at least 33 per cent women’s participation at all state mechanisms.